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Routes

CAMALEÑO

CABLE CAR OF FUENTE DÉ

HILL-WALKING ROUTES AROUND THE VALLEY OF CAMALEÑO

The municipality of Camaleño offers multiple alternative routes for both trekking and mountaineering, with different difficulty levels.

From Mieses, along a track beginning at the village´s last houses, and contemplating the Eastern Massif of Picos de Europa, we pass by the site called El Coterón, watching above us the cross of La Viorna, along the channels of the Paparosa spring. We then arrive to the plain of Aceluengo, where a magnificent panoramic of Potes can be seen, and along the hillside ascend up to the summit of La Viorna, where there is a concrete and stone cross, built in July 1948, from where the whole valley of Liébana can be contemplated.

If we leave from the hermitage of San Julián, in the village of Congarna, we can walk up along a track, arriving at the hermitage of San Miguel; an observation area point towards the Eastern Massif of Picos de Europa, and from here we can reach the Monastery of Santo Toribio along the road. Through Argüébanes we could ascend to the peak San Carlos, also called Sacred Heart, along a truly hard walk. We first go up to the upper end of the village and pass by the Pando Carramena oak wood, later crossing the stream Zendal. We´ll also pass by the mount of Tobadeño and arrive at Peña de Cabañustre to cross the mountain pass through La Gárgola, walking uphill along the hard channel of San Carlos and reaching the peak. Here is the image of the Sacred Heart, dominating the valley of Liébana.

Also from Argüebanes we could cross through the bridge and the Zendal mill in the village´s centre and go to Pernillo, taking the path going to the village of Lon. We cross the village and next to the parochial church, catch the path taking us to Brez, at the foot of Peña Concerrá. We then go down the road to the village of Tanarrio, and get a path passing by the field of Picones, at the bottom of the village. Then we descend to the Belondio river in order to go up again later to Redo. If we continue along the road we will arrive to Mogrovejo, one of the most beautiful villages in Liébana, and to conclude the journey, also along the road, to Los Llanos, at the foot of Peña Subiedes.

From Lon we can reach the highest part of the village and before arriving to the spring of Ampurce, a path which goes up, parallel to the river, gets to the demolished mining huts of the Arredondas mines, as well as the cabins of Lon. Another interesting route is the one that takes us from Lon up to Edes, passing through the winter shelters and meadows of Hoz, the mount of Sobrelon and the winter shelter and meadows of Andalubia. Then, through Hoyu Moru, we´ll go up a series of turns taking us to the mountain pastures of Edes, at the foot of the Eastern Massif of Picos.

If we began the route in Camaleño we could go up to Pico Jano along a road which starts behind the village´s houses, arriving to the fields of La Quemá, viewing the Eastern Massif and the village of Lon. It then passes by the winter cattle sheds of Las Fuentes and by a spring of La Fuentucha we arrive to Brañes, with a winter cattle shed and hut, beautiful observation area towards Picos and the valley of Camaleño. We then leave Brañes, behind walking through the fields of Pandu, along the track, and walking up to Pico Jano, one of the best observation site in the whole of Picos de Europa.

In Tanarrio we can take a track leading towards the hermitage of Santa Justa, where there used to be a monastery. From Mogrovejo, on the right of the Tower, another track ascends to La Calvera and Peña Oviedo, where there are some Megalithic remains, continuing until we get out to the mountain pastures of Aliva. In the same direction, we can also reach Aliva setting off from Pembes, from the place called Caldevilla, viewing Cumbre Abenas and then, passing by the winter sheds and springs: Vao de las Aguas and Jalgueru, joining then with the track coming up from Mogrovejo, in the place denominated Cuetos Comunes. From Pembes we can also go to Cosgaya, walking by the Callejón de la Solajera, crossing over the bridge, pass by de fields of Arquerás and Las Santas, to arrive at Cosgaya at the level of the cemetery.

We can also make a route from Cosgaya to the observation area of Llesba, nearby the mountain pass of San Glorio. For this, it is necessary to go to the upper district of Cosgaya and begin the route along a track, going by Vallejas del Regollón and del Infierno. By crossing the stream of Cañiceda, we reach the mount of Porciles and cross the stream of the same name, as well as the stream of Tumbo. We then continue walking upwards and passing over small valleys and more streams until we arrive to La Posá de los Escobajos where there is a stop on the way. Crossing over the stream, El Cortés, we reach the hut of Prado Cubo and its pasture lands. Then we go up some pronounced turns to reach the Mostrovilde col and finally arrive at Llesba, another of the best observation areas over the Valley of Camaleño and the whole of Picos de Europa.

Also from Cosgaya, and after leaving the village, next to a bridge which crosses the Deva river, a track leaves through a beech wood taking us to the village of Pido.

Finally, just a remainder of the classical route approaching the Central Massif of Picos de Europa from the village of Espinama, passing by the winter sheds of Igüedri.

 

CABLE CAR OF FUENTE DÉ

In the Thirties the attraction to Picos de Europa began to make way to the great achievements that would be able later to present the wonderful mountainous bulk. In 1903, the mining company "Vieja Montañesa" had already installed a cable from Lloroza to Fuente Dé with the purpose of transporting in buckets the mineral that was extracted from the mines.

The Liébana´s engineer José Antonio Odriozola was the great driving force behind the cable car of Fuente Dé, the most important attraction for the tourists who approach to know Picos de Europa at the present time. He initiated the project and he also made the first works, proposing not only the cableway but chairlifts to Áliva and Pico de la Padiorna, road from Pido to Fuente Dé, rural electrification in the valley, fish restocking and sport facilities.

The Provincial Council gave the go-ahead for the project and the President, D. Pedro Escalante, ordered the purchase of lands, approving the construction of the cable car on 20 November 1962. The year 1963 began with the approval of the Parador of Fuente Dé in Ministers´ Cabinet meeting and, in April of the same year, the rural electrification of the villages of the Valley of Camaleño and the construction of the road from Espinama to Fuente Dé were approved .

The projected cable car had two-cable system without intermediate supports, with the lowest station to level 1,070.25 and the upper one to level 1,823.75, difference that was crossed in a single opening with 1,419 metres of cable, in the amphitheatre of Fuente Dé (Camaleño), near the source of the Deva river. The upper station finishes next to the viewpoint of the cable, from where a magnificent panoramic view of the Valley of Camaleño and the Cantabrian Mountain Range is contemplated.

It was concluding the month of June 1966 when the first tests were made in the cable car of Fuente Dé, with the ballast cabins. It is known that the first passenger, stowing way, was Nicolás Soto, an employee of the Provincial Council, on the 12 of July.

The cable car of Fuente Dé began to work for the public the 21 August 1966. In the first twelve days, it transported a daily average of 300 people and it was calculated that to full capacity it could do up to 140 trips.

During the first year of operation the cable car carried 48,000 travellers, being the capacity by cabin of the cable for seven travellers. In 1974 the capacity of the cabins was extended from seven to fourteen passengers.

After the increase of the capacity of the cabins, the technical characteristics of the cable car of Fuente Dé were the following ones: the altitude of the lowest station is of 1,094 metres and the upper station has 1,847 metres; the horizontal length of the line is of 1,202.50 metres and its real length, 1,419.10 metres; the difference of level between the end points is of 753.50 metres and the gap between the cables is of 7.50 metres, with two cabins in line with a capacity for travellers (including the driver) of fifteen people. The speed of the cable tractor with main electrical engine is of 8 mts and with Diesel reserve engine, 50 mts; the weight of the empty cabin with driver is of 940 kgs and to full load of 2,140 Kgrs; the capacity of people per hours is considered in 210 and the aid cabin has a capacity to hold five people, being the speed of the aid cable of 2 m. There are two stations (the lowest and the upper one) and the power of the main electrical engine and the diesel of reserve is of 140 CV and 41 CV, respectively.

In 1986, twenty years later of the existence of the cable car, and with more than 3,000,000 of passengers transported, the main problem was the long queues, which caused that the Regional Council carried out a study on the increase of the cabins to ensure a greater fluency of the service to the travellers.

The 21 of July 1990 was inaugurated the increase of the new cabins, increasing the capacity with cabins for 28 people, getting on 500 passengers an hour, when increasing the speed of the cabins to 10 m/sec, with a cable length of 1,640 metres; the cable car was also equipped with a new security system with three brakes: service, security and emergency.

Routes:
CABEZÓN | CAMALEÑO | CILLORIGO | PESAGUERO | POTES | TRESVISO | VEGA

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